GIS Technology Enables Better Management of Land Use and Land Cover Changes

As per studies, very few places on Earth have remained unaffected by human intervention. Excessive activities, including exploitation, pollution, deforestation, and consumption, have altered the face of the planet significantly. The indiscriminate use of land has affected the natural environment profusely. This has resulted in changed and observable patterns in terms of land cover and land usage across a period of time.

The changes in biophysical ecosystems, biodiverse environments and natural resources are posing existential risks to the entire human race. The ever-increasing global population is adding to the problem on hand. The need of the hour is to monitor the natural resources and land use issues in an efficient and sustainable manner. To attain this, it is important that we undertake measures that will optimize human consumption while preserving the environment.

Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing services help in providing information to build strategies on land cover and land use. These services are making use of innovative tools for advanced levels of ecosystem management. The integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Information Technology (IT) is aiding different possibilities of optimal land use.

The proper selection, conceptualization and implementation of land use schemes in India has paved the way for better monitoring and fulfilment of basic human needs. The information provided by geospatial services and land mapping services is assisting various aspects of land use and land cover; especially those attributed to the changing demands of overpopulation.

GIS enabled services are now at the core of strategies related to the management of natural resources and monitoring of environmental changes. For instance, vegetation mapping concepts are ensuring better research on land cover and land use changes. They help in making precise evaluation of the health and spread of agricultural resources, forests, and grasslands; a top priority for governments across the world.

LULC or land use/land cover changes provide important signals for regional environmental changes. They play a significant role in urban development by monitoring city-growth and determining the growing-areas of urban setups. Land cover pertains to the physical characteristics of the surface of the Earth like water, soil, forest, vegetation, and hills. It also refers to changes attributed to human activities that bring forth ecological and physical consequences. On the other hand, land-use refers to how humans are using the available land, especially in relation to their economic activities. It lays a lot of focus on the changes attributed to anthropogenic activities.

Remote Sensing, along with Geographic Information System, serve as essential tools in assessing and analysing the changes in land use and land cover. The synoptic information provided by Remote Sensing services through satellites has revolutionized the quantification and assessment of these changes. Geoinformatics has enabled the assignment of spatial connotations to the factors driving different land use and land cover changes – such as climate, terrain and population – to predict different scenarios.

At SBL, our geospatial services are targeted towards change study for determining the current scenarios. If you are looking for the best remote sensing and GIS techniques, then avail our efficient methods for studying and analysing LULC issues. We deliver accurate geospatial services at competitive costs for the sound management of environmental problems and natural resources.

Related Posts