Remote sensing data provides much essential and critical information for monitoring many applications such as image fusion, change detection and land cover classification. Remote sensing is an important technique to obtain information of earth resources and environment.
What popularized the satellite imagery are the open-access applications like Google Earth, BING Maps etc. From being simply able to find “where is my house” these applications have helped GIS community in project planning, monitoring disasters and natural calamities, guiding and helping civil defense people etc.
Remotely sensed satellite images comprise of spectral, spatial and temporal resolution. Spectral statistics is the substance of remotely sensed image classification. The main aspect which influences the accuracy of ground object is the Spatial resolution. Temporal Resolution will help in generation of land cover maps for environmental planning, land use change detection and transportation planning. Data assimilation and analysis of urban areas using medium resolution remote sensing imagery is mainly concentrated on documentation of built up areas or for judgement between residential, commercial and industrial zones.
There are 100’s of applications of Satellite imagery. From the days of Landsat’s and SPOT’s satellite imagery and when nations used to use information derived from the satellite imagery for spying on each other under the guise of scientific experiments, industry has grown in leap and bounds and today every sphere of life, government decision making, civil defense operations, police, you name the sphere of life, every one of which is influenced by Satellite Imagery in particular and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in general.
SBL has pioneered in the field of Satellite Imagery processing and has got in-house expertise to handle any kind of sensor and product demands. Our projects have helped clients world over to help in having a better say in sustainability management and environmental assessment and management. An attempt is made and listed below to explain the uses of Satellite Imagery, even though the space given is not enough to cover all aspects of it.
1.Optimizing solar panel energy output with irradiance values.
Sustainable living has lot of interest in solar energy and it interest is growing rapidly across the world. Finding out location for placement of solar panels and If you were to choose a single position anywhere on Earth to install a solar panel, then we have to use Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) map. GHI measures the rate of total incoming solar energy at the Earth’s surface in watts per square kilometer. Epochs of satellite data (derived from GOES and Meteosat) has created this data with a standard error of only 5%.
2.Generating Earth’s surface elevation with the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
The SRTM digital elevation data, produced by NASA originally, is a major breakthrough in digital mapping of the world, and provides a major advance in the accessibility of high quality elevation data for large portions of the tropics and other areas of the developing world. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) obtained elevation data on a near-global scale to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth. SRTM consisted of a specially modified radar system that flew onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour during an 11-day mission in February of 2000. SRTM is an international project spearheaded by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), NASA, the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
3.Extracting mineral deposits with remote sensing based spectral analysis
During the pre feasibility and feasibility stages of the mineral exploration it is very essential to know the mineral potentiality of the area under consideration. In such scenario satellite remote sensing based lithological mapping, geological structural mapping, geomorphological mapping etc and its integration in a GIS platform will enable geo scientist to map the mineral potential zones. This will be further enhanced with the help of spectral analysis of satellite image bands to identify and map hydro thermal alteration zones which a indicators of mineral availability. This will enable exploration geologist to confine his geo physical, geo chemical and test drilling activities to high potential zones.
4.Giving that a basemap for graphical reference and assisting planners and engineers
The amount of details that an Orthoimagery produced using high resolution satellite imagery is of immense value and provides an extreme amount of detail of the focus and surrounding areas. Maps are designed to communicate highly structured message about the world. As maps are location-based, aerial imagery supports people to orient themselves.
5.Disaster Mitigation planning and recovery.
The result of a natural calamity can be calamitous and at times difficult to assess. But a disaster risk assessment is essential for rescue workers. This has to be prepared and executed quickly and with accuracy. Object-based image classification using change detection (pre- and post-event) is a quick way to get damage assessments. Other similar applications using satellite imagery in disaster assessments include measuring shadows from buildings and digital surface models.