Over the years, as information technology and the reliability over different software to automate the functioning has become more prominent, evolution of a multitude of methodologies to manage whole processes has also been observed. To an extent these Software Development methodologies have turned out to be mutually beneficial, as it curbed the errors, helping the end product to be flawless, conserves time and energy with reciprocated engrossments, resulting in the smooth functioning of the whole process.
Following a linear sequential (non-iterative) design approach for software development, in which progress flowing in one direction downwards through the various phases employed, known as the traditional waterfall methodology, has its own limitations. Considering the easiness to get accustomed with, the real fact that gets undermined, that it neither allows rectifications nor gives a glimpse of the end product. Many of such software development management processes have been refined, evolved, explored and executed successfully these days based on the requirement.
Some of the latest methodologies to manage software development are as follows:-
Agile & Scrum Methodology: Agile software development management process is considered to be one of the most reliable ways of development. It not only helps in undertaking different projects but follows accuracy everywhere. The whole project will be scrum based which will be further divided into sprints. The scrum master makes sure to complete the sprints in the respective time, that too immaculately, allowing rectifications; client involvement to upkeep transparency thus helps in identifying mismatches at the early stages itself.
Rapid Application Development (RAD): Here every step is correlated and it takes maximum advantage from the software development management process itself. The requirements are gathered after which the UI design, prototyping and developments gets hand on hand and then subsequent testing is involved before actual delivery. Though not economical, it makes the whole process unproblematic, driving comments from the client at different stages and is thus improved and made qualitative at every step.
Feature Driven Development (FDD): It is considered to be one of the most advantageous software development management methodologies especially when it involves lots of complexities. It’s a five step process divided among initial modeling and model stroming. It’s built on pre-standards and is programmed accordingly for easier development. Highly skilled developers are involved.
Lean Development: It’s a designed technique for software development management and is considered as far more advanced than any agile forms and aims at completing the project before time and in a highly economical way. This is considered one of the most adoptable ways for smaller projects.
Joint Application Development: As the name itself suggests, it allows the client involvement right from the designing stage. A set of workshops are organized called the JAD sessions. Frequent offset conferences are organized to understand and analyze the software development management process. Rather than the methodical efficiency it concentrates more on the business plan, exertion involved and the probable difficulties. Hence every time the process is evolved out of the requirement rather than having a pre-set stepwise methods.