GIS (Geographic Information System) has altered even the way the human brains function and its application in securing the wildlife or national parks is obligatory. Many at times we might have wondered watching the Discovery and Animal Planet, as in how eminently some people or organizations have conserved the habitats of the wild. Visiting a national park, many might have witnessed animals with tracking collars. Technology has been advanced to a sophisticated state, where today we can even deter animals from crossing their allowed proximity using geofencing.
- Geofencing is one among the many features of GIS, where we set a virtual boundary to preserve the wildlife by preventing unprincipled encroachments both from animals as well as humans. The geofence operator will be alerted on his device, preferably a mobile phone.
- Close-up photos and videos of deadly animals have always left us with awe, and we might have wondered the daringness of the wildlife photographer, but today the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or popularly called drones do the job with utmost precision. Beyond helping in preventing poaching, it also helps in protecting the endangered flora and fauna and thus curtails the rate of illegal trafficking, fishing, hunting and burning. Drone mapping is one of the most reliable sources for the scientists to closely examine the animals and estimate their population growth.
- The animal surveys using GIS is often associated with drones, which tackled the limitations of conventional aerial surveys, which was done based on a sample strip and those animals who fall outside the strip were never counted. Though difficult to perform in rugged regions, the bundle block adjustments in IFP (image footprint projection) resulted in accurate counts.
- The animal identification and traceability methods have helped in the keen analysis of a particular breed and confirm its parentage based on certain characteristics and conclude the behavioral patterns evolved out of the data thus collected.
- Location and species mapping via the surveillance cameras, yet another prominent feature of GIS, has turned out to be one of the most effective and efficient tools for inspecting wildlife behavior, and to authenticate species presence and its distribution. This method is rather more economical and effective when compared to employing human observers.
- The natural resource mapping may involve measuring monitoring and analyzing natural resources by collecting true multispectral digital aerial imagery which assists in maintaining a digital database used in further studies, of how the wildlife is amalgamated with the respective resources and vise-versa. It will be documented which will act as an action plan to maintain the bio-diversity in the national parks, securing their ecosystem and habitats and also allowing new species to emerge and survive.